There are several different types of archery and although most people tend to focus on one particular discipline, there is no reason why you cannot take part in more than one type. For each of the disciplines you can use any of the types of bow available although some bows are better suited to certain disciplines. Let’s start with the types of archery first.
This is the most common type of archery known to beginners as it is this discipline that we see at the olympics and receives the most television coverage. It also tends to be where beginners start. As the name suggests, archers shoot a set number of arrows at a set target at a set distance. These parameters are all set out in tables and allow archers to compete on a even keel across the world. There are two sets of tables, one metric used across the world and the olympics and uses a target of various sizes split into 10 scoring zones. The imperial table gives a name to each round type and uses 5 scoring zones. Both metric and imperial tables contain rounds that can be shot indoors as well as outdoors. There are classification tables for recurve, barebow, compound and longbow bows. This is what our club does and so is what we specialise in.
A field archery course is set up over woodland and rough terrain. Archers shoot a specified number of arrows at different targets in sequence. Archers might have to shoot uphill or downhill, and the targets could be different sizes and at different distances so anyone taking part has to really think about what they are doing. Field archery is a great way of keeping fit and enjoying the outdoors.
This ancient form of archery was used as military training in the middle ages. The target is the clout, which is a small flag on a vertical stick, stuck in the ground and placed up to 165 metres away. An archer’s score is determined by how close each arrow lands to the flag, the arrow that lands the closest gets the highest points.
This form of archery simply consists of shooting an arrow over the longest possible distance. There is no target but it does require a very large, flat area – something the size of an aerodrome. Recurve, compound and longbow classes can all shoot flight archery within different weight categories. Specialist bows and lightweight arrows are used to maximise power and reduce drag.
This form of archery dates back to the cavalry men and uses a reduced form horse bow allowing the archer to shoot at a target whilst riding down a track on horseback.